Read The Maxx () comic online free and high quality. Fast loading speed, unique reading type: All pages - just need to scroll to read next page. The Maxx, originally a comic-book series, is a superhero parody whose costumed crusader is a caring but insecure man, his “Gotham City”. The Maxx Maxximized Vol. 1 - 7 () FREE Comics Download on CBR CBZ Format. Download FREE DC, Marvel, Image, Dark Horse.
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The Maxx Page Giant #1 · Batman - The Maxx - Arkham Dreams #3. IDW. year 28 pages megabytes · Batman - The Maxx - Arkham Dreams #3. The Maxx Sam Keith. Really looked up to Kieth as someone who could convey stream of consciousness, emotion, and character complexity even when given so . Image Comics, Comic Book Artists, Comic Book Characters. Visit ideas about Image Comics. The Maxx (Image Comics, signed by William Messner-Loebs.
What kind of outlet was the Maxx for people? The girl who slits her wrists or the guy who hates himself cause he wears glasses and was too fat, or skinny, you name it. All these people just came to me and created their OWN community. Maxx Traxx the letters page was just the place where they gathered, that's all. People don't even have letters pages now. Too expensive, sadly.
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I mock myself, and the book, but the fans were the only real part of it, and talking to them was a truly humbling experience. What kind of an outlet was it for you? It was a creative dumping ground, and everything grew from my sketch books. Drawings of that purple guy came from sketches that were over five years old. I miss having a monthly place to dump Ideas, but I was all taped out creatively when I quit Maxx, so that was that. Plus I was starting to ramble a lot and not finish the story arch.
Blessed relief I quit, huh? What are you up to now? Well, I've dropped off the face of the earth, which was pretty much my plan after Maxx.
My fifteen minutes are gone, and now I'm just screwing around. I've been fooling around with film.
I've made several live action shorts and directed a low budget movie for Roger Corman, which was a story in it's self. But I have no Illusions about being some movie guy. I never left them in a snit. I didn't do the Maxx as a statement against marvel or DC, I just wanted to do a book. And, at its peak, Image was a machine. Some of the larger guys, like Todd, Jim, Mark, they are machines. They might not like to think of themselves that way, but with that much money involved, It just happens.
You have to fight NOT to. Eric opted out, so did I. Dale did. Allen more is a good example of doing BOTH.
He works at big houses, and works on his own personal stuff too. So does Eric Larson. You have a fairly impressive cover gallery in your CV.
Through Kelly, I guess. We did some Batman covers together, but I kept crapping out on him, and they're some of the worst I've ever done. Not all, but some! I'm talking about my part too, not his! I just wasn't able to draw Batman like I wanted, and kept freezing up, which sucked.
Do you now, or did you ever have much to do with the Image founders? They held their own meetings and, as long as I produced that's the magic little egg EVERYONE expects in this business then they just left folks like me pretty much alone. What sort of input did you get with that programme?
Too much. Frames can grow and shrink against the background. A frame can shrink to make room for another frame pushing its way onto the television screen. Cel animation has long had the technological capability to reconceptualize the animated frame along these lines. Similarly, television has had much of the same potential for over a decade, with wipes, pushes, and mattes being standard features of television switching equipment although recent technologies such as computer animation and digital video effects make "The Maxx" animation significantly slicker.
The limitation which kept television from exploring the broader use of frames-within-the-frame was not a technical one but a conceptual one. The assumption which has shaped decades of television practice is that the 1.
Practitioners have long known how to make tall, thin frames within the basic frame, but they have lacked a conceptual model for how and why they should use this capability. Television's primary visual model comes from film, which uses a similarly constant frame.
Borrowing from a rich medium such as comics reawakens a dormant sense of possibility for the televisual frame, which has long been dependent on its aesthetic inheritance from film.
When film and television use frames-within-the-frame, they generally are reliant on diegetic opportunities provided by Animation Journal, Fall 40 windows, doors, etc. Shooting through a window or door can make a striking composition, but "The Maxx" animation uses a more innovative approach.
Round frames do not have to be motivated by a character using a telescope or looking through a porthole, for example—a frame can be round simply as an expressive means of conveying diegetic action.
Nonetheless, "The Maxx" animation does retain some of television's tendency toward diegetically motivating its innovative framings.
For example, a thin frame might be used when the Maxx chases an Isz an Outback pest shaped like a sperm with legs down a tight alley way.
A passing car headlight creates an animated round frame. The most common diegetic elements used in framing are sharply defined areas of shadow and light. For example, when Mr. Gone kidnaps Julie, we see his apartment as a collection of pools of light, distinctive doorways, and strangely shaped shadows. Realistically, the diegetic element cannot provide enough contrast to make a sharp graphic frame.
Headlights or shadows cannot make perfectly distinct frame boundaries separating lighted areas from pitch black, but they can provide a diegetic motivation which justifies using a more explicitly delineated graphic frame. In television and film, the frame acts as a 'window' onto a diegetic world. If the camera moves, it uncovers another part of that continuous world.
People and objects can enter and leave the shot into offscreen space because they still 'exist' in the diegesis once they cross the frame boundary. Comics to a certain extent share this understanding of the frame. In comics it is acceptable for a pie from offscreen space to hit an onscreen character. But comics are not dependent on this conception of the frame as a window onto a continuous diegetic world. Comics also can show an awareness that what is outside the frame is the 'gutter,' the white or black area between frames.
The gutter is not diegetic space; it is a neutral area outside of the world of characters and plots. Animation Journal Fall 41 Frames-within-the frame in "The Maxx" animation often are motivated by diegetic light and shadows. The presence of this non-story space outside the comics frame is what makes comics' varying framings possible.
The artist in the modern comic book is freed to explore different frame sizes and shapes because the gutter emphasizes these frames as pictures, and as pictures, they can be framed in a variety of ways. Comics frames are as much free-standing graphic compositions as they are elements telling a linear story. The black space around the frames in The Maxx comic emphasize that these are pictures on a page as much as they are windows on a story world. The delimitation of the black space asks us to examine the frame as a graphic element placed against a neutral background, and this necessarily calls more attention to the frame's shape than would be given to the transparent frame of television or film.
Film and television practitioners can compose striking shots within the camera frame, but they cannot call our attention to the graphic possibilities of the frame without discarding the dominant paradigm of the transparent frame. Frames on a comic page ask the reader to assemble these separate compositions into a cohesive whole like a jigsaw puzzle.
Unlike a jigsaw, however, the boundaries of the puzzle pieces do not become unimportant once the puzzle has been Animation Journal, Fall 42 assembled. In comics the component pieces frames remain distinct graphic elements framed by the gutter. But this blackness acts differently from the black gutter of The Maxx comic book. The black comics gutter intrudes into the diegetic world and becomes a graphic element in its own right.
Because the frame can be shaped in different ways, the blackness surrounding it can take on different shapes. Modern comics such as The Maxx have the capacity to show a dance between two partners: the frames and the neutral space of the gutter. As one partner moves, the other retreats, intertwining both into complex graphic expression.
By frequently showing us an overt frame-within- the-frame outlined against a black background, the animation calls attention to these frames instead of disguising the frame as a transparent window on the diegetic world.
The animation emphasizes that beyond the frame there is black. A 'camera' movement is as likely to show us the black space outside the frame as it is to show us more of the diegetic world. Over and over the animation camera moves across an image into the black gutter, often using a pan to 'offscreen' black as a means of making a transition to another scene.
In "The Maxx" animation, not only are the diegetic characters animated but the black gutter is also, thus emphasizing the graphic expressivity of the black space. Even more than The Maxx comic, "The Maxx" animation is full of unusual graphic shadows which intrude into the frame. As noted earlier, the animation makes more of an attempt to justify its framings in diegetic terms, and so the animation is filled with even more numerous sharply defined shadows creating notable graphic effects.
This quality reflects the difference between translation and mere mimicry. The animators rethought the original comics material in light of the different conception of the comics frame, and they found moments to exploit this aesthetic principle that the comic only suggests. After the adaptation process hits upon a central principle for translating an effect across media, that principle can be applied throughout the adaptation.
Once "The Maxx"'s animators discovered the expressive power of the overt frame- Animation Journal, Fall 43 The black gutter in 'The Maxx" comic becomes a graphic element intruding into the story space.
An innovative aesthetic translation produces not merely an interesting adaptation but also a set of principles for rethinking a medium's aesthetic.
Animation Journal, Fall 44 One Thing after Another We have seen how "The Maxx" animation can help us understand our assumptions about what lies outside the frame. In addition, "The Maxx" animation also can remind us of other important but potentially limiting assumptions about the practice of television. Film and television are conceptualized as a succession of images which result in various shots. The process of editing a film or television program is to arrange.
Of course film taken advantage of its capacity to superimpose multiple images simultaneously since its earliest days e. Once these superimpositions are created, filmmakers treat these combined images as single shots which then can be arranged into linear order just as any other shot can, thus preserving the normative understanding of film as a succession of individual shots.
Narrative comics can be read as a succession of images, one after another, telling a linear story much as film and television do. But this is not the only way to conceptualize reading a comic book. Comic books also function as pages, as compositional arrangements of individually framed compositions. When they turn to a new page, comics readers first see the page as a whole before they then parse through the individual frames in narrative succession. The comics page is first understood as a unit, and then the reader fits the component frames into that overall structure.
Film and television cannot duplicate this method of reading exactly. By definition film and television control the flow of images presented to the reader, and there is no way for the reader to get a sense of the overall structure other than by watching the linear succession of images. This seems obvious, but like so many obvious assumptions about a medium, this conception contains a blind spot. Conceptualizing the screen as a succession of shots makes practitioners less likely to treat the screen like a page, which can contain multiple component images.
Once "The Maxx"'s animation artists understood the value of using frames-within-the-frame, they then recognized that one need not present frames one at a time as television tends to do.
The Maxx Maxximized Vol. 1 – 7 (2014-2016)
They realized that they can present multiple frames on the same screen, treating that screen more like a comics page. They could arrange frames on that page-screen to Animation Journal, Fall 45 Instead of cutting away to a flashback, "The Maxx" animation replicates the comic's technique by showing Sarah's memories in jagged superimposed frames.
The dominant way for film and television to depict simultaneity is through cross-cutting. Cross-cutting is based on the assumption that film screen displays a succession of individual shots, making it impossible to show two different places at the same time. For instance, when teenagers Glorie and Tommy hang out at the laundromat, the animation shows us Tommy's groping hand in an overt frame-within-the-frame which overlays the larger image of them sitting together.
This capability becomes extremely useful in telling a story about repressed traumas and fantasy-created worlds, as in the scene where Julie's friend Sarah remembers a humiliating moment. Once the animation artists open up the possibility of using multiple frames-within-the-frame, they can explore different configurations of these frames.
Sometimes multiple frames exist side by side against a black background. At other times one image fills the television frame, creating a background against which to set other framed images. This gives the television screen a sense of overlapping images, of one frame placed on top of another. The animation artists then can take advantage of their medium's capacity for movement, causing frames in "The Maxx" animation to float across other images.
The result is a blend of comics and television aesthetics which creates a work that uses both media's strengths. For instance, when "The Maxx" animation depicts the Maxx intervening in a woman's mugging, it uses a bravura display of frames-within-the-frame whose sizes and shapes change rapidly.
A jagged frame around the woman's head twists when she is grabbed from behind. When her purse spills, a coin breaks out of the jagged frame and rolls across a neutral black background, followed by a small round frame.
The coin bumps into the Maxx's cardboard home, and the animated series uses two tall thin frames to show simultaneously one mugger chasing the coin and the Maxx waiting for him. As the mugger approaches, the frame showing his movement widens until it overlaps the Maxx's frame, and then this frame is swept away as the Maxx wallops the mugger.
The mugger's partner then approaches the Maxx's lair, and we see his approach and Animation Journal, Fall 47 the waiting Maxx in two interlocking frames-within-the-frame that expand and shrink in relation to each other. Such elaborate choreography demonstrates the expressive capacities of animated and explicit frames-within-the-frame.
In "The Maxx" animation the multiple frames of comics do what they could never do on the printed page. Not only do the drawings move but also the frames themselves are animated. Oddly enough, this constant reminder of the comics medium provides the animators with an interesting justification for one of the drawbacks of the animation as practiced in the modern media industry.
In an effort to economize, much animation tends to cut down on movement by figures or in the background, using a form of 'limited animation' that is strangely unanimated. This style encourages animators to draw a single unmoving background and to place minimally moving characters in front of that background.
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Such animated characters frequently deliver lines with only small body movements such as an opening-and-closing mouth, occasionally engaging in repetitive actions which are easily drawn and cycled such as running. This creates an alternative universe where people either are running or are very, very still. Interestingly, this stillness seems less out of place in "The Maxx" series because this animation so frequently reminds us of its origins in the still medium of comics.
It becomes possible to justify certain figures' stillness as yet another consciously chosen strategy to point out that "The Maxx" television series is based on a comic, rather than an awkward byproduct of industrial animation. In fact, at numerous points "The Maxx" animation emphasizes the stillness of images.
For example, when Maxx walks along a sidewalk, he passes figures who seem artificially frozen in midstride. Certain characters' hairdos are blown by the wind assumedly into strange configurations, and these hairstyles do not move, even though at times they seem to defy gravity.
These figures look more like still comics images of a Animation Journal Fall 48 TheMaxx animation does not attempt to emulate some of the more graphically playful frames in the comic. The animation could have used a less overtly gravity- defying hairstyles, but by emphasizing the impossibility of unmoving wind-blown hair, "The Maxx" television series shows us that it is intentionally choosing to make these figures as still as if they were on a comics page, effectively hiding the liabilities of its own medium.
Animation Journal Fall 49 "The Maxx" animation certainly demonstrates the potential value of cross-fertilizing one medium's aesthetic with another, and yet there are potentially useful comics devices which this animation does not exploit. In particular, the animation stays away from The Maxx comic's tendency toward highly decorative frames.
Sam Kieth uses many different ornamental figures to call attention to his frames and to comment on the story. For example, he uses jungle motifs to alert the reader that a portion of the story is taking place in the wilds of the Outback. The animated series does not attempt to duplicate Kieth's more fanciful frames.
The animation avoids excessively ornamental frames-within-the-frame, although it overtly emphasizes that these frames are to be noticed unlike the more transparent frames of normal television. Although "The Maxx" animation does not actualize this comics potential, the added expressivity of ornamental frames is still an option to be considered by future mediamakers.
For example, the animation renders the layout printed on the opposite page as a montage of the various component images, requiring a significantly less vigilant and participational reading stance.
At times Kieth interweaves various story spaces into an elaborate compositional whole that is not duplicated in the animated series. An example is provided by a single layout combining 'still imagery' Julie leaning against a pole and images suggesting movement Sarah and her mother descending a staircase. The animated series uses still images and moving images, but it rarely juxtaposes the two in the same frame for long periods of time, as if the animation artists believed that the juxtaposition might call too much attention to the discrepancy in motion.
The point is not to criticize the animation for the comics potential it leaves unexplored. Instead I wish to point out unexplored possibilities for future mediamakers to examine. They may find these expressive devices to be as enriching as the ones which "The Maxx" animation does explore. This article examines one particular adaptation of source material from a modern comic book into an inventive animation, pointing out the ways in which different assumptions about the frame in comics can reshape the aesthetics of animation.This seems obvious, but like so many obvious assumptions about a medium, this conception contains a blind spot.
Shooting through a window or door can make a striking composition, but "The Maxx" animation uses a more innovative approach. Julie: I hate whining! One woman, they beat her head so hard against the sidewalk, they cracked the concrete. Animation Journal, Fall 51 invariably sized and the television screen as presenting a succession of individual shots , "The Maxx"'s animation artists uncovered relatively unexplored means for expression in television.
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